Open Access Open Access  Restricted Access Subscription Access

ESTIMATION OF BIOLOGICAL AFFINITY OF NITROGEN-CONTAINING CONJUGATED HETEROCYCLIC PHARMACOPHORES

Marina V. Kachaeva, Nataliya V. Obernilhina, Evgenia S. Veligina, Maryna Yu. Zhuravlova, Yaroslav O. Prostota, Oleksiy D. Kachkovsky, Volodymyr S. Brovarets
Cover Image

Abstract


For the estimation of donor/acceptor character of conjugated heterocyclic compounds, the φ0 index is used. This parameter is determined by the relative positions of the frontier molecular orbital energy levels. It is shown that φ0 value of 0.5 means that the donor and acceptor properties in the conjugated molecule are balanced, while an increase of the index (φ0 > 0.5) corresponds to increasing of the donor strength, and, conversely, its lowered value (φ0 < 0.5) points to increased acceptor strength. In this work, a series of widely known heterocyclic compounds, as well as derivatives of oxazole and nucleobases are analyzed in detail. It is shown that change in φ0 index is connected to the biological activity. As an example, the influence of the conjugated substituents is studied and it is found that the oxazole derivatives with acceptor substituents inhibit cancer cells.

 


Keywords


nitrogen heterocycles, nucleobases, anticancer pharmacophores, biological π-electron affinity, π-conjugated systems.

Full Text: PDF Supplementary File(s): supplementary info (8MB)


 

 

Latvian Institute of Organic Synthesis - Aizkraukles iela, 21, Riga, LV-1006, Latvia - hgs@osi.lv