Open Access Open Access  Restricted Access Subscription Access

METAL-FREE FUNCTIONALIZATION OF AZINE N-OXIDES WITH ELECTROPHILIC REAGENTS

Сергей В. Байков, Вадим П. Боярский
Cover Image

Abstract


The review is devoted to the reactions of azine N-oxides with electrophilic reagents, which make it possible to functionalize the azine fragment with the formation of a new C–X bond (X = C, N, O, Hal, S, P) without the participation of transition metal complexes. The use of azine N-oxides as starting compounds is often associated with the employment of electrophilic reagents or media. The reaction of electrophiles with azine N-oxides allows one to purposefully and selectively introduce substituents at positions 2, 3, or 4 of the azine fragment (relative to the nitrogen atom), depending on the choice of the reagent or the reaction conditions. The review considers the reactions of intramolecular nucleophilic substitution with preliminary generation of azine N-oxide adducts with electrophilic reagents, SEAr reactions, and photocatalytic reactions. Original research published over the past 5 years is covered.

Authors: Sergey V. Baykov, Vadim P. Boyarskiy*

Keywords


azine N-oxides; electrophilic reagents; catalysis by Brønsted acids; C–H functionalization

Full Text: PDF (Russian) Supplementary File(s): None


 

 

Latvian Institute of Organic Synthesis - Aizkraukles iela, 21, Riga, LV-1006, Latvia - hgs@osi.lv